SilverStripe is a free and open source content management system. It is written in PHP and uses MySQL to store its data. SilverStripe is very flexible, extensible and easy to use application. It is easy to learn and optimized to produce high-quality reusable codes. It is responsive and available in many languages. It is a very secure platform as it is written from ground. It is a popular CMS and used by prominent companies like Lenovo and Forbes etc.
In this tutorial, we will be installing SilverStripe on CentOS 7 server.
SilverStripe does not require any special hardware requirements. It can be installed on servers with a small amount of RAM. All the required dependencies will be installed throughout the tutorial. You will need a minimal installation of CentOS 7 with root access on it. If you are logged in as a non-root user, you can run
sudo -i to switch to root user.
Before installing any package it is recommended that you update the packages and repository using the following command.
yum -y update
Now install Apache, Git, and MariaDB, which is a fork or MySQL using the following command.
yum -y install httpd mariadb-server mariadb git
SilverStripe requires PHP 5.3.3 or higher. In this tutorial, we will install PHP 5.6. Install EPEL repository using following commands.
yum -y install epel-release
yum -y update
Now install Webtatic repository using the following commands.
rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm
yum -y update
To install PHP 5.6 and all the required PHP modules, run the following command.
yum -y install php56w php56w-openssl php56w-dom php56w-mysqli php56w-cli php56w-mbstring php56w-gd php56w-fileinfo php56w-hash php56w-iconv php56w-simplexml php56w-session php56w-tokenizer php56w-xml php56w-tidy
Once you have PHP installed, you can check the version of PHP using the following command.
You should get output similar to this.
[root@liptan-pc ~]# php -v PHP 5.6.30 (cli) (built: Jan 19 2017 22:31:39) Copyright (c) 1997-2016 The PHP Group Zend Engine v2.6.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2016 Zend Technologies
You will need to edit the
php.ini file to configure the timezone. Run the following command to open the file in
Now find the following line.
Uncomment the line and provide the timezone for your application. An example may be.
date.timezone = Asia/Kolkata
Now start Apache web server and enable it to start at boot time using the following command.
systemctl start httpd
systemctl enable httpd
To start MariaDB and enable it to start at boot time using the following commands.
systemctl start mariadb
systemctl enable mariadb
Now run the following commands to secure your MySQL or MariaDB installation.
It will run a small script which asks you to provide the root password for MariaDB. As we have just installed MariaDB, the root password is not set, just press enter to proceed further. Set a root password for MySQL root user and answer
y for all other questions asked.
Now you will need to create a database to store SilverStripe data.
To create a database we will need to login to MySQL command line first. Run the following command for same.
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for the password, provide the root password of MySQL which you have set earlier. Now run the following query to create a new database for your SilverStripe installation.
CREATE DATABASE ss_data;
To create a new database user, run the following query.
CREATE USER 'ss_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'StrongPassword';
StrongPassword with a strong password. Now provide the appropriate privileges to your database user over the database you have created. Run the following command.
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON ss_data.* TO 'ss_user'@'localhost';
Now run the following command to immediately apply the changes on the database privileges.
Exit from MySQL prompt using
SilverStripe can be installed in two ways, either using composer or using the setup archive. In this tutorial both the methods are explained.
If you want to use Composer to install SilverStripe, you will need to install Composer. Composer is a dependency manager for PHP.
curl -sS https://getcomposer.org/installer | php
mv composer.phar /usr/bin/composer
Now switch to the webroot directory of Apache web server and download SilverStripe using following command.
composer create-project silverstripe/installer silverstripe
Once the download finishes, go to the newly created SilverStripe directory and install the required Composer dependencies using the following commands.
SilverStripe files are now downloaded, you can now continue the tutorial from disabling SELinux.
Using Setup Archive
To install SilverStripe using the setup archive, run the following command to download the archive.
wget https://silverstripe-ssorg-releases.s3.amazonaws.com/sssites-ssorg-prod/assets/releases/SilverStripe-cms-v3.5.3.zip -O silverstripe.zip
You can always check the SilverStripe download page to look for the link to the latest version of the archive.
Now extract the archive using the following command.
unzip silverstripe.zip -d silverstripe
If you do not have unzip installed, you can run
yum -y install unzip.
Now you will need to disable your SELinux. To temporary disable SELinux, run the following command.
To completely disable the SELinux you will need to edit
Find the following line:
Change it to:
Now, you will need to provide the ownership of the application to web server user using the following command.
chown -R apache:apache /var/www/silverstripe
You may also need to allow HTTP traffic on port
80 through the firewall if you are running one. Run the following commands for same.
firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-service=http
Now create a virtual host for the SilverStripe application. Run the following command for same.
Paste the following lines into the file.
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin firstname.lastname@example.org DocumentRoot "/var/www/silverstripe" ServerName cms.yourdomain.com ServerAlias www.cms.yourdomain.com <Directory "/var/www/silverstripe"> Options Indexes FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All Require all granted </Directory> ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/cms.yourdomain.com-error_log" CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/cms.yourdomain.com-access_log" combined </VirtualHost>
cms.yourdomain.com with any domain or subdomain you want to use to access the application. Save the file and exit from the editor. Run the following command to restart your Apache server.
systemctl restart httpd
Now complete the installation using a web browser, go to the following link using your favorite web browser.
You will be welcomed by the following page.
If you have followed the tutorial correctly, you would have all the requirements for PHP configuration, file permission, and Web server configuration satisfied. Now scroll down to database configuration and fill out the details of the database we created earlier.
Once done, click on Re-check requirements button, you should get the success message here also. Now scroll down to CMS Admin account section, provide the admin email and password in this section.
Now choose the theme you want to install and choose if you wish to send anonymous data about your web server to SilverStripe server.
Click Install SilverStripe button and the installer will install the application to your server.
Once the installation finishes, you will be redirected to your site. You will need to delete the installation file now, Click on the Click here to delete all install files link on the homepage. You will need to login using the administrator credentials. Once done, you are ready to configure your website.
You can go to the following link to access administration dashboard.
In this tutorial, we have learned how to install SilverStripe content management system on CentOS 7. You can now install the CMS on your own server to easily create a website for your organization.