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How to Install Redis From Source on Ubuntu 14.04

How-to Install Redis From Source on Ubuntu 14.04


The latest version of Ubuntu at the time of this writing is 15.10. Ubuntu 15.10 already shipped with Redis 3 but if you need LTS (Long Term Support) version of Ubuntu (Latest LTS version is Ubuntu 14.04) you can only install Redis 2.8 from the repository.

Previously we already learned how-to install Redis from Ubuntu Repository. In this tutorial we'll learn how-to install the latest stable version of Redis, or Redis 3 from source.


We need make to compile Redis from source. You can check whether you already have make installed or not using which command.

$ which make

If the command above does not give output like the above it means that you haven't got make installed . You can install make from the repository.

$ sudo apt-get -y install cmake

All the prerequisites are now ready, the first thing to do is download Redis source. At the time of this writing the latest stable version of Redis is 3.0.5. You might want to check Redis Download Page for the latest stable version of Redis.

You can also easily access the latest stable version of redis using this URL :

Now let's download the Redis source archive using wget

$ wget -c

After downloading the Redis source code you might want to verify the download to make sure that the source is not tampered with in the network.

You can check check the SHA1 hash of each package released on Redis Hashes Repository. To check hash of package that you downloaded you can use sha1sum application. The command is below :

$ sha1sum redis-3.0.5.tar.gz 
ad3ee178c42bfcfd310c72bbddffbbe35db9b4a6  redis-3.0.5.tar.gz

After running the command above please check with the page on the redis-hashes repo above and make sure the output of the command above is correct.

We can see the the sha1 hash of the package that was downloaded and the one hosted on github is the same.

Installing Redis

After checking the SHA1 hash of the package, now extract the redis source archive and rename the extracted directory to redis

$ tar xzf redis-3.0.5.tar.gz
$ mv redis-3.0.5 redis

Go to the new directory that contains the redis source code and run make to compile the Redis source code. This process might take some time depending on your machine specification.

$ cd redis
$ make
``` language-bash
    LINK redis-server
    INSTALL redis-sentinel
    CC redis-cli.o
    LINK redis-cli
    CC redis-benchmark.o
    LINK redis-benchmark
    CC redis-check-dump.o
    LINK redis-check-dump
    CC redis-check-aof.o
    LINK redis-check-aof

Hint: It's a good idea to run 'make test' ;)

make[1]: Leaving directory `/home/sumodirjo/redis/src'

The above output has been truncated. If your compilation of Redis was successful you should get output similar to the above. After successful compilation, let's install the redis binary files. The binary will be installed to the ```/usr/local/bin``` folder. We need to use ```sudo``` to copy these binary files to the directory.

$ sudo make install cd src && make install make[1]: Entering directory `/home/sumodirjo/redis/src'

Hint: It's a good idea to run 'make test' ;)

    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install
    INSTALL install

make[1]: Leaving directory `/home/sumodirjo/redis/src'

## Trying Redis Now, the redis-server binary is ready, we can test using it by running ```/usr/local/bin/redis-server```. You will see output similar to text below :

$ /usr/local/bin/redis-server 21242:C 03 Nov 20:44:36.309 # Warning: no config file specified, using the default config. In order to specify a config file use /usr/local/bin/redis-server /path/to/redis.conf 21242:M 03 Nov 20:44:36.310 # You requested maxclients of 10000 requiring at least 10032 max file descriptors. 21242:M 03 Nov 20:44:36.310 # Redis can't set maximum open files to 10032 because of OS error: Operation not permitted. 21242:M 03 Nov 20:44:36.311 # Current maximum open files is 4096. maxclients has been reduced to 4064 to compensate for low ulimit. If you need higher maxclients increase 'ulimit -n'.

           _.-``__ ''-._                                             
      _.-``    `.  `_.  ''-._           Redis 3.0.5 (00000000/0) 64 bit

.-.-```. ```/ _.,_ ''-._ ( ' , .-` | `, ) Running in standalone mode |`-._`-...-` __...-.-.|'_.-'| Port: 6379 |-. ._ / _.-' | PID: 21242-._ -._-./ .-' _.-'
-.__.-' _.-'_.-'| |-.-._ _.-'_.-' | -._-..-'.-' _.-'
-.__.-' _.-'_.-'| |-.-._ _.-'_.-' |-. -._-.
.-'_.-' _.-'

      `-._    `-.__.-'    _.-'                                       
          `-._        _.-'                                           

21242:M 03 Nov 20:44:36.316 # WARNING: The TCP backlog setting of 511 cannot be enforced because /proc/sys/net/core/somaxconn is set to the lower value of 128. 21242:M 03 Nov 20:44:36.317 # Server started, Redis version 3.0.5 21242:M 03 Nov 20:44:36.317 # WARNING overcommit_memory is set to 0! Background save may fail under low memory condition. To fix this issue add 'vm.overcommit_memory = 1' to /etc/sysctl.conf and then reboot or run the command 'sysctl vm.overcommit_memory=1' for this to take effect. 21242:M 03 Nov 20:44:36.317 # WARNING you have Transparent Huge Pages (THP) support enabled in your kernel. This will create latency and memory usage issues with Redis. To fix this issue run the command 'echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled' as root, and add it to your /etc/rc.local in order to retain the setting after a reboot. Redis must be restarted after THP is disabled. 21242:M 03 Nov 20:44:36.317 * DB loaded from disk: 0.000 seconds 21242:M 03 Nov 20:44:36.317 * The server is now ready to accept connections on port 6379

The process is still running on foreground, to exit you can press ```CTRL+C```.

## Configuring Redis

Even though we're already able to run Redis server but it is not properly setup yet. In this section we'll configure Redis so that it become a properly setup service on Ubuntu 14.04.

### Creating the Redis User We need to create a user to run redis server. You can run command below to create new user named ```redis```.

$ sudo useradd redis -d /var/lib/redis -s /bin/false

Let's check the new user we just created :

$ grep redis /etc/passwd redis:x:1001:1001::/var/lib/redis:/bin/false

And ```redis``` group for Redis

$ grep redis /etc/group redis:x:1001:

### Creating Directories for Redis

We need to create some directories to store the redis configuration files, pidfile and also data.

Create the Redis configuration directory

$ sudo mkdir /etc/redis

Create a directory to store the Redis pidfile

$ sudo mkdir /var/run/redis $ sudo chown -R /var/run/redis

Create a directory to store Redis data

$ sudo mkdir /var/lib/redis $ sudo chown -R /var/lib/redis

### Create a Redis Default Configuration The Redis init script will read the default configuration when starting redis-server. Create a new file ```/etc/default/redis-server``` with the content below. All content in this file is commented so nothing is being applied from this file.

redis-server configure options

ULIMIT: Call ulimit -n with this argument prior to invoking Redis itself.

This may be required for high-concurrency environments. Redis itself cannot

alter its limits as it is not being run as root. (default: do not call




### Customizing the Redis Configuration

We need to change some configurations inside the redis.conf file before copying the file to redis.

We'll make Redis server work as a daemon. Find the line below:

daemonize no

Change it to

daemonize yes

Change the pidfile location. Find the line below

pidfile /var/run/

Change it to

pidfile /var/run/redis/

This configuration change will make Redis server listen to all network interfaces. If you don't need the Redis service to be accessible from another server you can leave this configuration default. Hoever, if you need to make Redis accessible from another, find line below


Change it to


Now, configuring the logfile location. By default redis does not do logging. Find the line below :

logfile ""

Change it to

logfile /var/log/redis/redis-server.log

The last one is redis data directory. Find the line below

dir ./

Change it to

dir /var/lib/redis

### Copying Configuration Copy the Redis main configuration file. Make sure you already changed the values on the ```redis.conf``` file specified above.

$ sudo cp redis.conf /etc/redis

Copy the Redis Sentinel configuration

$ sudo cp sentinel.conf /etc/redis

### Logrotate

Log rotation is a must have activity for a server application. By rotating the log, we make sure that the main log file size is not growing huge but we will still have a history of log files because the log is rotated.

For example if the redis-server log named redis-server.log when rotated it will be copied to redis-server.log.1 and then compressed as redis-server.log.1.gz. The logfile redis-server.log will be emptied.

On the next log rotation the redis-server.log.1.gz will be moved to redis-server.log.2.gz and again redis-server.log copied and compressed as redis-server.log.1.gz and so on. Create new file ```/etc/logrotate.d/redis-server``` and add logrotate configuration below on the file.

/var/log/redis/*.log {

        rotate 12


The logrotate configuration above will rotate the log on a weekly basis and keep the previous log for 12 times, in this case 12 weeks. You can change the ```weekly``` line above with daily, monthly, or yearly. If your redis has heavy load and writes a lot of log you might want to consider rotating the log daily. How long you want to keep the logs can be configured with ```rotate``` directive above.

### Creating Init Script for Redis

Redis server needs an init script so that we can easily manage the Redis service (start, stop, restart the service). Create new file ```/etc/init.d/redis-server``` with the content below.

#! /bin/sh


Provides: redis-server

Required-Start: $syslog $remote_fs

Required-Stop: $syslog $remote_fs

Should-Start: $local_fs

Should-Stop: $local_fs

Default-Start: 2 3 4 5

Default-Stop: 0 1 6

Short-Description: redis-server - Persistent key-value db

Description: redis-server - Persistent key-value db


PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin DAEMON=/usr/local/bin/redis-server DAEMON_ARGS=/etc/redis/redis.conf NAME=redis-server DESC=redis-server

RUNDIR=/var/run/redis PIDFILE=$RUNDIR/

test -x $DAEMON || exit 0

if [ -r /etc/default/$NAME ] then

        . /etc/default/$NAME


. /lib/lsb/init-functions

set -e

case "$1" in start)

        echo -n "Starting $DESC: "
        mkdir -p $RUNDIR
        touch $PIDFILE
        chown redis:redis $RUNDIR $PIDFILE
        chmod 755 $RUNDIR

if [ -n "$ULIMIT" ] then ulimit -n $ULIMIT fi

if start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --umask 007 --pidfile $PIDFILE --chuid redis:redis --exec $DAEMON -- $DAEMON_ARGS then echo "$NAME." else echo "failed" fi ;;


        echo -n "Stopping $DESC: "
        if start-stop-daemon --stop --retry forever/TERM/1 --quiet --oknodo --pidfile $PIDFILE --exec $DAEMON
                echo "$NAME."
                echo "failed"
        rm -f $PIDFILE
        sleep 1


        ${0} stop
        ${0} start


        echo -n "$DESC is "
        if start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --signal 0 --name ${NAME} --pidfile ${PIDFILE}
                echo "running"
                echo "not running"
                exit 1


        echo "Usage: /etc/init.d/$NAME {start|stop|restart|force-reload|status}" >&2
        exit 1


exit 0

You can also download the init script above from a github gist

$ wget -c $ sudo mv redis-server /etc/init.d

We also need to change the init script permissions so that it can be executed.

$ sudo chmod 755 /etc/init.d/redis-server

### Make Redis Automatically Start on Boot We'll also make redis-server automatically start on boot using ```update-rc.d```. The complete command below :

$ sudo update-rc.d redis-server defaults 20 10

## Running Redis Server

We already configured Redis and also setup service for Redis server. Now, let's start the redis service

$ sudo service redis-server start Starting redis-server: redis-server.

You can change the option ```start``` above with stop, restart, force-reload and status.

To check the Redis server status you can run.

$ sudo service redis-server status redis-server is running

Another method that you can use to check redis service is by checking redis process using ```ps```.

$ ps aux | grep redis redis 22467 0.4 0.7 46296 15648 ? Ssl 03:06 0:00 /usr/local/bin/redis-server *:6379
sumodir+ 22477 0.0 0.0 11712 672 pts/0 S+ 03:06 0:00 grep --color=auto redis

And the last method to check redis server status is using netstat to check whether redis is already listening to the correct port or not.

$ sudo netstat -naptu | grep redis tcp 0 0* LISTEN 22467/redis-server tcp6 0 0 :::6379 :::* LISTEN 22467/redis-server

## Benchmarking Redis

Redis also comes with a benchmarking tool. To benchmark your redis server you can run command below

$ redis-benchmark

## Running Tests

Redis comes with a testing script, but the script needs tcl 8.5 as prerequisite. To install tcl 8.5 you can run command below

$ sudo apt-get -y install tcl8.5

### Redis Tests Now you 're ready to run a test, make sure that redis-server is already running. If you want to run a redis test you can run the script with the command below (don't forget the ```./``` to run the script).

$ ./runtest ...

                   The End

Execution time of different units: 1 seconds - unit/printver 1 seconds - unit/auth 1 seconds - unit/quit 2 seconds - unit/scan 3 seconds - unit/multi 6 seconds - unit/protocol 11 seconds - unit/expire 20 seconds - unit/type/list 8 seconds - integration/aof 4 seconds - integration/rdb 32 seconds - unit/dump 33 seconds - unit/type/list-2 2 seconds - integration/logging 2 seconds - unit/pubsub 35 seconds - unit/other 4 seconds - integration/convert-zipmap-hash-on-load 2 seconds - unit/slowlog 1 seconds - unit/introspection 2 seconds - unit/limits 39 seconds - unit/type/hash 11 seconds - unit/scripting 54 seconds - unit/type/set 23 seconds - unit/bitops 63 seconds - unit/aofrw 65 seconds - unit/type/zset 31 seconds - unit/maxmemory 65 seconds - integration/replication-2 73 seconds - unit/sort 37 seconds - unit/memefficiency 79 seconds - unit/type/list-3 79 seconds - unit/basic 55 seconds - unit/hyperloglog 102 seconds - integration/replication-4 107 seconds - integration/replication-3 112 seconds - integration/replication-psync 121 seconds - integration/replication 154 seconds - unit/obuf-limits

o/ All tests passed without errors!

### Sentinel test

Sentinel is a feature of Redis where multiple instance of Redis can work together as cluster. We're not going to discuss about Sentinel in this tutorial but we'll only run the test. To run sentinel the test, you can run command below

$ ./runtest-sentinel ... Cleaning up... GOOD! No errors. ```


In this tutorial we learned how-to install latest stable version of Redis from source by compiling the source code and configuring redis to run as a service.

It's always easier and recommended to use Redis from your the Linux distribution repository but if you need features that are not available on the Redis version provided by the Linux distribution, you might have to compile and install the latest stable version of Redis yourself.

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