PHPCI is a free and open source continuous integration tool. It is written in PHP and uses MySQL to store its database. PHPCI can integrate with all of the popular testing tools. Although you can work with almost all programming languages but it is considered best for testing PHP projects.
In this tutorial, we will install PHPCI on CentOS 7 server.
PHPCI does not require any special hardware requirements. It can be installed on servers with a small amount of RAM. All the required dependencies will be installed throughout the tutorial. You will need a minimal installation of CentOS 7 with root access on it. If you are logged in as a non-root user, you can run sudo -i to switch to root user.
Before installing any package it is recommended that you update the packages and repository using the following command.
yum -y update
Once you have your system updated, you can proceed to install the LAMP stack. Start the LAMP installation by installing Apache web server and MariaDB, which is a fork of MySQL using the following command.
yum -y install httpd mariadb-server mariadb git
PHPCI can be installed on any version of PHP greater than 5.3. But as PHP 5.3 has reached the end of life. We will install PHP 7 to obtain high performance. PHP 7 is not included in default YUM repository, hence you will need to add the Webtatic repository in your system. Webtatic repository requires EPEL repository to work. Run the following command to install EPEL repository.
yum -y install epel-releaseyum -y update
Now install Webtatic repository using the following commands.
Once you have PHP installed, you can check the version of PHP using the following command.
You should get output similar to this.
[root@liptan-pc ~]# php -v
PHP 7.1.3 (cli) (built: Mar 19 2017 15:31:52) ( NTS )
Copyright (c) 1997-2017 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v3.1.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2017 Zend Technologies
Now start the Apache web server and enable it to start at boot time using the following command.
systemctl start httpdsystemctl enable httpd
To start MariaDB and enable it to start at boot time using the following commands.
systemctl start mariadbsystemctl enable mariadb
Now run the following commands to secure your MySQL or MariaDB installation.
It will run a small script which asks you to provide the root password for MariaDB. As we have just installed MariaDB, the root password is not set, just press enter to proceed further. It will ask you if you want to set a root password for your MariaDB installation, choose y and set a strong password for the installation. It will also ask you for removing test databases and anonymous users. Most of the questions are self-explanatory and you should answer yes or y to all the questions.
To create a database we will need to login to MySQL command line first. Run the following command for same.
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for the password, provide the root password of MySQL which you have set earlier. Now run the following query to create a new database for your PHPCI installation.
CREATE DATABASE phpci_data;
The above query will create a database named phpci_data. For the database, you can use any name you prefer at the place of phpci_data. Make sure that you use semicolon at the end of each query as the query always ends with a semicolon. Once the database is created you can create a new user and grant all the permissions to the user for the database. Using root user is not recommended for the databases. To create a new database user, run the following query.
CREATE USER 'phpci_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'StrongPassword';
The above query will create a user with username phpci_user. You can use any preferred username instead of phpci_user. Replace StrongPassword with a strong password. Now provide the appropriate privileges to your database user over the database you have created. Run the following command.
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON phpci_data.* TO 'phpci_user'@'localhost';
Now run the following command to immediately apply the changes on the database privileges.
Exit from MySQL prompt using exit command.
Now you will need to install Composer. Composer is a dependency manager for PHP.
Now switch to the webroot directory of Apache web server and download PHPCI using following command.
cd /var/wwwcomposer create-project block8/phpci phpci --keep-vcs --no-dev
Once the download finishes, go to the newly created PHPCI directory and install the required Composer dependencies using the following commands.
cd phpcicomposer install
Once the dependencies are installed, run the PHPCI installer using the following command.
php ./console phpci:install
The install script will ask you for your MySQL database name and user credentials. Provide the database information which we created earlier. You should also provide your PHPCI URL, which will be used to access your application. URL must include http://. Further, choose default option for all other questions. Now provide email, name, and password of the administrator account.
Welcome to PHPCI
Checking requirements... OK
Please answer the following questions:
Please enter your MySQL host [localhost]:
Please enter your MySQL database name [phpci]: phpci_data
Please enter your MySQL username [phpci]: phpci_user
Please enter your MySQL password:
Your PHPCI URL ("http://phpci.local" for example): http://phpci.yourdomain.com
Use beanstalkd to manage build queue?
Enter your beanstalkd hostname [localhost]:
Enter the queue (tube) name to use [phpci]:
Setting up your database... OK
Admin Email: email@example.com
Admin Name: Liptan Biswas
User account created!
Now you will need to create a virtual host for your web application. Run the following command for same.
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