OpenCart is a free and open source e-commerce web application. It is written in PHP and uses MySQL to store its database. OpenCart is an alternative of Magento and has pretty much a similar set of features.
You can easily manage products, categories, customers, coupons and orders. It also has built-in SEO and multi-store feature that means you can easily manage multiple stores from a single admin interface. You can extend its features using thousands of themes and plugins available. It supports multiple payment gateways, product reviews and ratings, reward points. It is multilingual translated into more than 40 languages and supports multi-currency. More than 342,000 entrepreneurs use OpenCart to run their business.
In this tutorial, we will install OpenCart on CentOS 7 server.
OpenCart does not require any special hardware requirements. All the required dependencies will be installed throughout the tutorial. You will need a minimal installation of CentOS 7 with root access on it. If you are logged in as a non-root user, you can run
sudo -i to switch to root user.
Before installing any package it is recommended that you update the packages and repository using the following command.
yum -y update
Once you have your system updated, you can proceed to install the LAMP stack. Start the LAMP installation by installing Apache web server and MariaDB, which is a fork of MySQL using the following command.
yum -y install httpd mariadb-server mariadb
OpenCart can be installed on any version of PHP greater than 5.4. Since PHP v5.4 has reached end of life, we will install PHP 7 for increased performance and security. PHP 7 is not included in default YUM repository, hence you will need to add the Webtatic repository in your system. Webtatic repository requires EPEL repository to work. Run the following command to install EPEL repository.
yum -y install epel-release
yum -y update
Now install Webtatic repository using the following commands.
rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm
yum -y update
To install PHP 7.1 and all the required PHP modules, run the following command.
yum -y install php71w php71w-curl php71w-mysqli php71w-cli php71w-zlib php71w-gd php71w-mcrypt php71w-mbstring php71w-xml
Once you have PHP installed, you can check the version of PHP using the following command.
You should get output similar to this.
[root@liptan-pc ~]# php -v PHP 7.1.5 (cli) (built: May 12 2017 21:54:58) ( NTS ) Copyright (c) 1997-2017 The PHP Group Zend Engine v3.1.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2017 Zend Technologies
Now start Apache web server and enable it to start at boot time using the following command.
systemctl start httpd
systemctl enable httpd
To start MariaDB and enable it to start at boot time using the following commands.
systemctl start mariadb
systemctl enable mariadb
Now run the following commands to secure your MySQL or MariaDB installation.
It will run a small script which asks you to provide the root password for MariaDB. As we have just installed MariaDB, the root password is not set, just press enter to proceed further. It will ask you if you want to set a root password for your MariaDB installation, choose
y and set a strong password for the installation. It will also ask you for removing test databases and anonymous users. Most of the questions are self-explanatory and you should answer
y to all the questions.
To create a database we will need to login to MySQL command line first. Run the following command for same.
mysql -u root -p
This will prompt you for the password, provide the root password of MySQL which you have set earlier. Now run the following query to create a new database for your OpenCart installation.
CREATE DATABASE ocart_data;
The above query will create a database named
ocart_data. Make sure that you use semicolon at the end of each query as the query always ends with a semicolon. Once the database is created you can create a new user and grant all the permissions to the user for the database. Using root user is not recommended for the databases. To create a new database user, run the following query.
CREATE USER 'ocart_user'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'StrongPassword';
The above query will create a user with username
ocart_user. You can use any preferred username instead of
StrongPassword with a strong password. Now provide the appropriate privileges to your database user over the database you have created. Run the following command.
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON ocart_data.* TO 'ocart_user'@'localhost';
Now run the following command to immediately apply the changes on the database privileges.
Exit from MySQL prompt using
As we have all the dependencies ready, we can now download the install package from OpenCart website.
wget https://github.com/opencart/opencart/releases/download/126.96.36.199/188.8.131.52-compiled.zip -O opencart.zip
You can always find the link to the latest version of the application on OpenCart download page. Extract the archive using the following command.
unzip opencart.zip -d opencart
If you don't have unzip installed, you can run
yum -y install unzip.
You will also need to rename the configuration files. Run the following commands for same.
mv /var/www/opencart/upload/config-dist.php /var/www/opencart/upload/config.php
mv /var/www/opencart/upload/admin/config-dist.php /var/www/opencart/upload/admin/config.php
Now you will need to create a virtual host for your web application. Run the following command for same.
Paste the following lines into the file.
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin firstname.lastname@example.org DocumentRoot "/var/www/opencart/upload" ServerName shop.yourdomain.com ServerAlias www.shop.yourdomain.com <Directory "/var/www/opencart/upload"> Options Indexes FollowSymLinks AllowOverride All Order allow,deny Allow from all Require all granted </Directory> ErrorLog "/var/log/httpd/shop.yourdomain.com-error_log" CustomLog "/var/log/httpd/shop.yourdomain.com-access_log" combined </VirtualHost>
shop.yourdomain.com with any domain or subdomain you want to use to access the application. Save the file and exit from the editor. Run the following command to restart your Apache server.
systemctl restart httpd
Now you will need to provide the ownership of the application to web server user using the following command.
chown -R apache:apache /var/www/opencart
You may also need to allow HTTP traffic on port
80 through the firewall if you are running one. Run the following commands to do so.
firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-service=http
You will also need to disable SELinux. To temporary disable SELinux without restarting the server, run the following command.
To completely disable the SELinux you will need to edit
Find the following line:
Change it to:
Now complete the installation using a web browser, go to the following link using your favourite web browser.
You will see the following page.
Click Continue button to proceed further. In next interface, the installer will check if your system meets all the requirements to install OpenCart. If you have followed the tutorial correctly, then you will have all the requirements satisfied.
Click Continue button to proceed further. In next interface, you will need to provide database and administrator details.
Choose the database driver as MySQLi. Provide username, password and database name which you have created earlier. Leave the default value in hostname, port and prefix text box. Provide administrator username, password and email. Click Continue button to proceed further.
OpenCart is now installed, before accessing the admin panel, you are required to delete the install folder. Run the following command for same.
rm -rf /var/www/opencart/upload/install
You can now access the shop's front end at the following URL:
You will see the following site.
To access the administration dashboard, go to the following link.
In this tutorial, we have learned to install OpenCart on CentOS 7 server. You can now use OpenCart to sell your goods online to people of a large area. It will increase the sales and profit.