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How to Install NextCloud on Ubuntu 16.04

NextCloud is a free and open source file sharing application like Dropbox. You can securely share files, folders, documents, emails, contacts, bookmarks and appointments using NextCloud. NextCloud provides user friendly web interface, so you can easily access your files through web browser from public and private network or from any device.

It is fully open source, but it charges fee for support. NextCloud also allows you to share your files with other users, to create password protected links, to allows other users to upload files to your cloud.

In this tutorial, we will see how to install and use NextCloud on Ubuntu 16.04 server.


  • A server running Ubuntu 16.04.
  • A non-root user with sudo privileges setup on your server.
  • A static IP address configure on your server.

Update the System

First, update your system to the latest stable version by running the following command:

sudo apt-get update -y sudo apt-get upgrade -y

Once your system is up to date, you can proceed to the next step.

Install LAMP Stack

Before starting, you will need to install Apache, MariaDB, PHP7 and other required PHP modules on your system.

You can install them by running the following command:

sudo apt-get install apache2 mariadb-server php7.0 libapache2-mod-php7.0 php7.0-mbstring php7.0-curl php7.0-json php7.0-intl php7.0-imagick php7.0-xml php7.0-mbstring php7.0-zip php7.0-gd php7.0-mysql php7.0-curl php7.0-mcrypt

Once installation is complete, start apache and mariadb service and enable them to start at boot with the following command:

sudo systemctl start apache2 sudo systemctl start mysql sudo systemctl enable apache2 sudo systemctl enable mysql

Next, you will need to tweak some php settings in order to make Nextcloud work properly. You can do this by editing php.ini file:

sudo nano /etc/php/7.0/apache2/php.ini

Change the following values:

memory_limit = 1000M

date.timezone = Asia/Kolkata

upload_max_filesize = 200M

post_max_size = 200M

Save and close the file when you are finished, then you can proceed to the next step.

Configure Database for NextCloud

By default MariaDB installation is not secured, so you will need to secure it first.

You can secure it by running the mysql_secure_installation script.

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Answer all the questions as shown below:

Enter current password for root (enter for none):
Change the root password? [Y/n] n
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] Y
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] Y
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] Y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] Y

Next, login to MariaDB console and create a database for the NextCloud:

mysql -u root -p

Enter your MariaDB root password and hit enter. Once you are logged in to your database, you need to create a database for NextCloud:

Run the following command to create a database for NextCloud:

MariaDB [(none)]> CREATE DATABASE nextclouddb;

Next, create a new database user and provide the appropriate privileges to your database user over the database you have created.

MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloud.* TO 'nextclouddb'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

Next, run the following command to immediately apply the changes on the database privileges:


Next, exit from the Mysql with the following command:

MariaDB [(none)]> \q

Install NextCloud

You can download the latest version of the NextCloud from the URL

Otherwise run the following command to download it using terminal:


Once download is complete, unzip the downloaded file with the following command:


Next, copy extracted directory to your apache web root directory:

sudo cp -ar nextcloud /var/www/html/

Next, give proper permission to nextcloud directory:

sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/nextcloud sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/nextcloud

Configure Apache for NextCloud

Next, you will need to create a virtual host file for NextCloud inside /etc/apache2/sites-available/ directory:

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/nextcloud.conf

Add the following lines:

<VirtualHost *:80>
 DocumentRoot "/var/www/html/nextcloud"

ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

<Directory /var/www/html/nextcloud/> Options +FollowSymlinks AllowOverride All

<IfModule mod_dav.c> Dav off </IfModule>

SetEnv HOME /var/www/html/nextcloud SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/html/nextcloud Satisfy Any


Save and close the file when you are finished, then enable virtual host with the following command:

sudo a2ensite nextcloud.conf sudo systemctl restart apache2

You will also need to enable some apache modules:

sudo a2enmod rewrite sudo a2enmod headers sudo a2enmod env sudo a2enmod mime sudo a2enmod dir

Finally, restart Apache service to take effect the changes:

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Accessing NextCloud Web Installation Wizard

Before accessing NextCloud, you will need to allow port 80 through UFW firewall.

By default UFW is disabled on your system, so you need to enable it first. You can enable it with the following command:

sudo ufw enable

Once UFW firewall is enabled, you can allow port 80 by running the following command:

sudo ufw allow80`

You can now check the status of UFW firewall by running the following command:

sudo ufw status

Once firewall is configured, open your web browser and type the URL You should see the admin account creation page.

Fill in all the details as shown below:

Username : nextcloudadmin Password : nextcloud@123

Data folder : /var/www/html/nextcloud/data

Database user : nextcloud Database password : password Database name : nextclouddb

Once you have finished, click on the Finish setup button to sign into Nextcloud.


Congratulations! You have successfully installed NextCloud on your Ubuntu 16.04 server. You can now easily play around with NextCloud, and also deploy it on your production environment. You can also explore the interface and for additional functionality by installing plugins using Nextcloud's app store.

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